Religious Orders in Scotland
On the eve of the
Reformation the religious houses of Scotland were represented by :
Four houses of Benedictine monks – Coldingham,
Dunfermline, Iona and Pluscarden.
Two houses of Cluniac monks – Crossraguel and
Five houses of Tironensian monks – Arbroath,
Kelso, Kilwinning, Lesmahagow, and Lindores.
Eleven houses of Cistercian monks – Balmerino,
Beauly (originally Valliscaulian), Coupar, Angus, Culross, Deer, Dundrennan,
Glenluce, Kinloss, Melrose, Newbattle, and Sweetheart or New Abbey.
One house of Valliscaulian monks at
A Carthusian priory at Perth.
Seventeen houses of Augustinian canons
– Blantyre, Cambuskenneth, Canonbie, Holyroodhouse, Inchaffray, Inchcolm,
Inchmahome, Jedburgh, Loch Leven or Portmoak, Monymusk, Oronsay, Pittenweem
( with May), Restenneth, St Andrews Isle or Trail, Scone, and
Six houses of Premonstratensian canons –
Druburgh, Fearn, Holywood, Soulseat, Tongland, and Whithorn.
Four Trinitarian houses – Aberdeen,
Fail, Peebles, and Scotlandwell.
A preceptory of the Knights of St John of
Jerusalem at Torphichen.
Seven Cistersian nunneries – Coldstream,
Eccles, Elcho, Haddington, Manuel, North Berwick, and St Bathans or
Abbey St Bathans.
St Augustine nunnery at Iona.
A house of Dominican nuns – Sciennes
priory near Edinburgh.
Two Franciscan nunneries at Aberdour, and
Thirteen Dominican friaries – Aberdeen,
Ayr, Dundee, Edinburgh, Elgin, Glasgow, Inverness, Montrose, Perth, St
Andrews, St Monance, Stirling, and Wigtown.
Five Franciscan houses of Friars Minor,
Dumfries, Dundee, Haddington, Kirkcudbright , and Lanark.
Eight Observant Friaries – Aberdeen, Ayr,
Edinburgh, Elgin, Glasgow, Perth, St Andrews, and Stirling.
Ten Carmelite houses – Aberdeen, Banff,
Edinburgh, Inverbervie, Irvine, Kingussie, Linlithgow, Luffness,
Queensferry, and Tullilum.